First modern skyscraper in the heart of the newly established republic.
In 1957 the young Turkish republic decided to organize an architectural design contest by the State Pension Fund for raising the first skyscraper of the country. Winner of the contest was raised into very center of the capital city as an office building known as “EMEK İşhanı”. The 24-storeys building, Turkey’s first skyscraper, was a pioneer in terms of its use of a reinforced concrete structural system and mechanical ventilation, which was necessitated by its HVAC and captured glazed system. It was also a pioneer in terms of its use of a reinforced concrete structural system and mechanical ventilation, which was necessitated by its non-openable windows and structure free curtain-wall system.
Emek Office Building was constructed for six years from 1959 to 1965. It was located in Kizilay Square, Ankara.
Designed by the architect Enver Tokay, ‘’Emek İşhanı’’ has a historical value as it reflects the architectural identity of the period it is constructed. It takes a significant place in the urban memory and is a symbol for Ankara. The building, which is built to provide income for the Pension Fund and change the appearance of Kızılay, is an example of a rational-international style from the architectural trends of the 20th century.It is occupiable space is still more than %50.
This presentation will introduce the surviving history of this skyscraper after a lot of architectural operation on building to and misuse by local authorities.
Key Words: First Modern Skyscraper, Emek İşhanı, Rational-International Style, Reinforced Concrete, Captured Glazed, Pioneer, Architectural Operation.