Senior Chief Specialist
Ramboll Group, Copenhagen
Inevitable drivers of change are shaping the horizons of the built environment; technologies, generation skills shift, rapid urbanization and industry demand will dictate the landscape for the next 50 years. In parallel, the collective global acknowledgment of climate change will demand for zero waste future. There is a real need to rethink production of building components and systems with greater efficiencies from a resource use and precision manufacturing perspective.
Past prefabrication-built space and present Industry 4.0 technologies provide a projected overview of technological integration for a systemization vision beyond 4.0. First step to change: a building can no longer be perceived as a bespoke element, but rather as a mass customization of integrated, systemized product, designed for automation whilst maintaining aesthetic uniqueness through a creative adaptive envelope.
Industry revolutions beyond 4.0 will focus on value creation, centered around peoples’ experiences, likes and needs. The new tech savvy generation will embrace living with sophisticated interactive advance artificial intelligence and machine deep learning technologies as part of their everyday environment. Digital is the common thread, interlinking early customer interface, manufacture to final product delivery, and automated installation with minimum physical human presence. Cities will be smart, integrated with digitally embedded sensors within systemized building component which are interactive and adaptive to a changing environment.
"Disassembly" should be the new buzz word rather than "demolition"; with each material selected and designed for reused and easy detachment from the others. Digital platforms will be the key enabler for selective disassembly.